The FUT technique involves removing a strip of the scalp from the donor area, in most cases the back of the head. From this strip, individual follicular units i.e. hair root groups are extracted under a microscope. In doing so, attention is paid to maintaining the way they are arranged as a group.
Over the years it was discovered that hair grows in natural groups, the so-called follicular units. This discovery led to the introduction of Follicular Unit Transplantation, or FUT for short.
The FUT technique involves removing a strip of the scalp from the donor area, in most cases the back of the head. From this strip, individual follicular units i.e. hair root groups are extracted under a microscope. In doing so, attention is paid to maintaining the way they are arranged as a group. These extracted units are then inserted into micro-incisions in the implantation area and arranged in such a way that as far as possible a natural pattern with natural hair distribution is created.
FUT quickly replaced mini-/micro-graft transplantation, becoming the method of choice for implanting donor hairs into larger-sized scalp areas all in one go. For many years now, follicular unit transplantation has been the most commonly used method for transplanting hair.
FUT: Development new Hair
No two people are alike. This also applies to the growth of the grafts – in some people they grow faster, in others slower. In the field of hair surgery one speaks of fast growers and slow growers. What this means is that some patients will already start seeing results after just 6 months, whilst others may have to wait more than 12 months.
The natural healing process after a hair transplant involves thin scabs developing over the small incisions, as well as over the scar in the donor area. These scabs drop off by themselves in the course of the healing process. In the second or third week after the FUT, most of the transplanted hairs fall out. This is due to the reduced intake of oxygen and nutrients, leading to follicles being rejected. This weakening of the hair roots is not to be confused with their destruction – new strong hair growth will set in after 3 – 6 months.
The new hair roots start producing new hairs immediately after being transplanted. In the first three months, these are very thin, akin to flax. Afterwards the hairs get thicker and stronger and after about a year the end result is very visible. All transplanted follicles generally produce new hairs, although there are certain exceptions. These are fairly seldom.